Tag: category-/Science/Computer Science

AI Weekly: Experts say OpenAI’s controversial model is a potential threat to society and science

Last week, OpenAI released GPT-2, a conversational AI system that quickly became controversial. Without domain-specific data, GPT-2 achieves state-of-the-art performance in seven of eight natural language understanding benchmarks for things like reading comprehension and answering questions. A paper and some code were released when the unsupervised model, trained on 40GB of […]

Read More

AI extracts speech bubbles from comic strips

Segmentation — partitioning an image or scan into multiple segments, or sets of pixels — is a task at which artificial intelligence (AI) excels. Case in point: Researchers at Google parent company Alphabet’s DeepMind recently revealed in an academic paper that they’d developed a system capable of segmenting CT scans […]

Read More

Ctrl-labs raises $28 million from GV and Alexa Fund for neural interfaces

“We’re at the point of the launch where … we want to get it out [to] developers,” Berenzweig said. On the software side of the equation, the accompanying SDK is “more mature,” with built-out JavaScript and TypeScript toolchains and new prebuilt demos that give an idea of the hardware’s capabilities. Programming […]

Read More

OpenAI: Social science, not just computer science, is critical for AI

AI safety research needs social scientists to ensure AI succeeds when humans are involved. That’s the crux of the argument advanced in a new paper published by researchers at OpenAI (“AI Safety Needs Social Scientists“), a San Francisco-based nonprofit backed by tech luminaries Reid Hoffman and Peter Thiel. “Most AI […]

Read More

AI detects potentially damaging ice on wind turbines

Ice is the enemy of turbines everywhere. Some wind farms report energy production losses of up to 20 percent due to icing, according to Canadian wind-industry consultancy firm TechnoCentre Éolien (TCE), and that’s not the worst of it. Over time, ice shedding from blades can damage other blades or overstress internal […]

Read More

Facebook’s chief AI scientist: Deep learning may need a new programming language

Deep learning may need a new programming language that’s more flexible and easier to work with than Python, Facebook AI Research director Yann LeCun said today. It’s not yet clear if such a language is necessary, but the possibility runs against very entrenched desires from researchers and engineers, he said. […]

Read More

Researchers improve robots’ speech recognition by modeling human auditory processing

We rarely think too much about noises as we’re listening to them, but there’s an enormous amount of complexity involved in isolating audio from places like crowded city squares and busy department stores. In the lower levels of our auditory pathways, we segregate individual sources from backgrounds, localize them in space, […]

Read More

IBM’s AI takes on world-class debater in argument about preschool

IBM’s Project Debater, an AI system that can engage in live debate with humans, today faced off with 2016 World Debating Championships Grand Finalist and 2012 European Debate Champion Harish Natarajan. The debate was about preschool subsidies, with Project Debater arguing in favor and Natarajan arguing in the opposition. More than 50 […]

Read More

Affectiva’s AI hears your anger in 1.2 seconds

Amazon’s Alexa can detect whispered speech — that’s how it knows when to whisper back. But what about AI that’s capable of sussing out frustration? Enter MIT Media Lab spinoff Affectiva’s neural network, SoundNet, which can classify anger from audio data in as little as 1.2 seconds regardless of the […]

Read More

Facebook’s ‘polyglot’ AI speaks English, German, and Spanish

Neural networks — layered functions that mimic the behavior of neurons in the brain — are good at lots of things, like predicting floods, estimating heart attack mortality rate, and classifying seizure types. But they hold particular promise in the text-to-speech (TTS) realm, as evidenced by systems like Google’s WaveNet, Baidu’s […]

Read More

Allen Institute debuts AI that plays Pictionary-style games to learn ‘common sense’

The Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence in Seattle today debuted AllenAI, a system designed to play a Pictionary-like game called Iconary with humans. The AI system can either guess what a human is drawing or draw something and have a human guess the phrase being depicted. AllenAI is free to play […]

Read More

AI learns how to play Montezuma’s Revenge

In 2015, Google subsidiary DeepMind published a landmark paper describing a system that could, given enough time and computational horsepower, learn to play a collection of Atari games like Breakout, Enduro, and Pong with superhuman proficiency. It failed to finish the more sophisticated Montezuma’s Revenge — a platformer that tasks players […]

Read More

Boston University researchers develop framework to improve AI fairness

As artificial intelligence becomes more advanced and capable at tackling complex tasks, we are increasingly trusting AI algorithms to make critical decisions. But how fair are those decisions? Experience in the past few years shows AI algorithms can manifest gender and racial bias, raising concern over their use in critical […]

Read More

Intel debuts Nauta for distributed deep learning with Kubernetes

Intel today announced the open source release of Nauta, a platform for deep learning distributed across multiple servers using Kubernetes or Docker. The platform can operate with a number of popular machine learning frameworks such as MXNet, TensorFlow, and PyTorch, and uses processing systems that can work with a cluster of […]

Read More

Google releases dataset to train more sophisticated question-answering systems

You’ve likely used an AI question-answering system in the not-too-distant past, and probably without realizing it. Think chatbots: You ask a question about something and get a response in return. Some are more sophisticated than others, of course, and unfortunately for researchers, figuring out just how capable one system is relative to another […]

Read More

AI teaches 4-legged robots how to recover when they fall

Teaching robots to walk is one thing, but what about helping them to learn how to recover from a stumble? That’s the not-so-easy feat researchers at ETH Zurich set out to accomplish with the help of artificial intelligence (AI). In a newly published paper (“Robust Recovery Controller for a Quadrupedal […]

Read More

Microsoft CTO: Understanding AI is part of being an informed citizen in the 21st century

Microsoft CTO Kevin Scott believes understanding AI in the future will help people be better citizens. “I think to be a well-informed citizen in the 21st century, you need to know a little bit about this stuff [AI] because you want to be able to participate in the debates. You […]

Read More

Facebook backs Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence with $7.5 million

Facebook will give $7.5 million for the creation of The Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence, a research center being made to explore topics such as transparency and accountability in medical treatment or human rights in instances of human-AI interaction. The announcement was made today during a speech by COO Sheryl […]

Read More

AI system teaches robots how to navigate wilderness trails

Wilderness trail traversal is a useful skill for rescuers and outdoor enthusiasts alike, but one that’s difficult to teach to robots. It’s not that the mechanical beasts aren’t capable of learning to hike up hillsides while avoiding fallen tree branches — state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms can accomplish that much. The trouble […]

Read More

CrowdAnalytix raises $40 million for crowdsourced AI algorithms

Designing, training, and validating sophisticated machine learning algorithms can suck up a lot of hours — particularly if you’re dealing with sparse datasets. This has given rise to a cottage industry of crowdsourced data science, led by Google’s Kaggle and companies like Topcoder. And the market’s growth potential is getting […]

Read More

This AI system can design RNA

RNA, or ribonucleic acid, is present in all living cells. It acts as a messenger, carrying instructions from DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) that dictate how proteins in the body are synthesized. And when it doesn’t work as it should, it can severely affect neurological, cardiovascular, and muscular regulatory processes, resulting in […]

Read More

AI predictions for 2019 from Yann LeCun, Hilary Mason, Andrew Ng, and Rumman Chowdhury

Artificial intelligence is cast all at once as the technology that will save the world and end it. To cut through the noise and hype, VentureBeat spoke with luminaries whose views on the right way to do AI have been informed by years of working with some of the biggest […]

Read More